Lincoln County FireSafe Council

Lincoln County FireSafe Council

Helping Lincoln County Montana citizens to mitigate fire hazards on their property
and increase the chance their property will survive a wildfire!

Homeowner's Exterior Checklist

Download the Homeowner's Checklist in PDF format.
Homeowners Checklist Outside

1. Design/Construction

  • ___ Consider installing residential sprinklers.
  • ___ Build your home away from ridge tops, canyons and areas between high points on a ridge.
  • ___ Build your home at least 30-100 feet from your property line.
  • ___ Use fire resistant materials.
  • ___ Enclose the underside of eaves, balconies and above ground decks with fire resistant materials.
  • ___ Try to limit the size and number of windows in your home that face large areas of vegetation.
  • ___ Install only dual-paned or triple-paned windows.
  • ___ Make sure that electric service lines, fuse boxes and circuit breaker panels are installed and maintained as prescribed by code.
  • ___ Contact qualified individuals to perform electrical maintenance and repairs.

2. Access

  • ___ Identify at least two exit routes from your neighborhood.
  • ___ Construct roads that allow two-way traffic.
  • ___ Design road width, grade and curves to allow access for large emergency vehicles.
  • ___ Construct driveways to allow large emergency equipment to reach your house.
  • ___ Design bridges to carry heavy emergency vehicles, including bulldozers carried on large trucks.
  • ___ Post clear road signs to show traffic restrictions such as dead-end roads, and weight and height limitations.
  • ___ Make sure dead-end roads, and long driveways have turn-around areas wide enough for emergency vehicles.
  • ___ Construct turnouts along one-way roads.
  • ___ Clear flammable vegetation at least 10 feet from roads and five feet from driveways.
  • ___ Cut back overhanging tree branches above roads.
  • ___ Construct fire barriers such as greenbelts.
  • ___ Make sure that your street is named or numbered, and a sign is visibly posted at each street intersection.
  • ___ Make sure that your street name and house number are not duplicated elsewhere in the county.
  • ___ Post your house address at the beginning of your driveway, or on your house if it is easily visible from the road

3. Roof

  • ___ Remove branches within 10 feet of your chimney and dead branches overhanging your roof.
  • ___ Remove dead leaves and needles from your roof and gutter.
  • ___ Install a fire resistant roof. Contact your local fire department for current roofing requirements.
  • ___ Cover your chimney outlet and stovepipe with a nonflammable screen of 1/2 inch or smaller mesh.

4. Landscape

  • ___ Create a "survivable space" by removing all flammable vegetation at least 30 feet from all structures.
  • ___ Never prune near power lines. Call your local utility company first.
  • ___ Landscape with fire resistant plants.
  • ___ On slopes or in high fire hazard areas remove flammable vegetation out to 100 feet or more.
  • ___ Space native trees and shrubs at least 10 feet apart.
  • ___ For trees taller than 18 feet, remove lower branches within six feet of the ground.
  • ___ Maintain all plants by regularly watering, and by removing dead branches, leaves and needles.
  • ___ Before planting trees close to any power line contact your local utility company to confirm the maximum tree height allowable for that location.

5. Yard

  • ___ Stack woodpiles at least 30 feet from all structures and remove vegetation within 10 feet of woodpiles.
  • ___ Locate LPG tanks (butane and propane) at least 30 feet from any structure and maintain 10 feet of clearance.
  • ___ Remove all stacks of construction materials, pine needles, leaves and other debris from your yard.
  • ___ Contact your local fire department to see if open burning is allowed in your area; if so, obtain a burning permit.
  • ___ Where burn barrels are allowed, clear flammable materials at least 10 feet around the barrel; cover the open top with a nonflammable screen with mesh no larger than 1/4 inch.

6. Emergency Water Supply

  • ___ Maintain an emergency water supply that meets fire department standards through one of the following:
    • a community water/hydrant system
    • a cooperative emergency storage tank with neighbors
    • a minimum storage supply of 2,500 gallons on your property.
  • ___ Clearly mark all emergency water sources.
  • ___ Create easy firefighter access to your closest emergency water source.
  • ___ If your water comes from a well, consider an emergency generator to operate the pump during a power failure.
Survivable Space Home Ignition Zones Homeowner's Exterior Checklist Homeowner's Interior Checklist Frequently Asked Questions
Grant Information
2016 Lincoln County Fuel Reduction Grants Available
» Wildlfire Risk Assessment Application

» Landowner's Guide 04-25-12

» Homeowner's Checklist

» Living with Fire